7.3 Powerstroke IDM Failure Symptoms
The Dodge 5.7 HEMI is a popular engine in Dodge and Chrysler performance vehicles, as well as Ram trucks. Its enormous displacement offers decent power from the factory. The 345 HEMI, on the other hand, leaves a lot to be desired. A few minor modifications can take the 5.7 V8 to new heights. In this article, we’ll go through the best 5.7 HEMI upgrades, improvements in horsepower and torque, price, performance, and more
Ram, Dodge, Chrysler, and so on are just a few examples of headings or titles we may use. We might also be more precise with Ram 1500 as an example. The 5.7L HEMI engine in all models – including the 345 HEMI – is referred to as the 445 HEMI in this piece. Fitting varies somewhat, but the ideas and modifications we discuss are relevant to all.
What is IDM
The IDM (Injector Driver Module) is a simple device that fires the injectors in response to a signal from the PCM, informing it which injector to activate. It has limited diagnostic functions for detecting short or open circuits and transmits any faults to the PCM using a basic serial link.
They’re all well-designed machines, except for a vent in the case designed to allow for pressure changes owing to elevation or temperature swings. Water is able to enter through the vent as well, with no means to expel it. The majority of IDM’s are killed by this, and since a large number of the cores we receive back are non-rebuildable, this causes costs to go up. The International 7.3 Power Stroke IDM and the T444E two-box (separate PCM and IDM) trucks used almost the same identifier, but there was no vent in the case. The connector pinout of T444E IH IDMs cannot be interchanged with 7.3 Power Stroke IDMs due to differences in the layout of connector pins.
There are four primary versions of IDM: the EDU-100A from 1994 to 1995, IDM-100 in 1996, 1997, and 1998, IDM-110 in early 1999, and lastly the IDM-120 used in late 1999 and later vehicles. There are three distinct circuit board designs among these four IDM models, as well as several additional minor changes. All IDMs are completely swappable / interchangeable between all model years of trucks, vans, and Excursions.
The 7.3L Power Stroke
The 7.3L Power Stroke engine was introduced in the summer of 1994. The 7.3L Indirect Injection was regarded as the successor to the 7.3L Direct Injection, despite the fact that they have no components in common. Other than their displacement of 7.3 liters, not a single component is identical.
It’s main distinction at the time was that it was the first diesel engine sold in the United States to be computer-controlled.
The standard today is a computer-controlled diesel; it was previously revolutionary. Diesel injection timing has been effectively fixed since then. At idle, you set it to 12* BTDC, and it stays at that setting until 3,000 RPM. It was 12* at -20*F below zero and 12* at 250*F engine coolant temperature. It was lowered to 0 PSI before being raised to 25 PSI of boost, where it remained stable for miles and miles.
With the Power Stroke, injection timing was completely flexible: there were timing maps (lookup tables) that changed the injection timing for any altitude from sea level to 10,000 feet, for any oil temperature from -10°C to +290°C, for any boost from zero to 21 PSI, and for any injected fuel amount from zero to 100 mg/cyl. The value is updated every engine revolution with the Power Stroke.
The advent of electronically controlled, independent injectors was another one of its contributions. Prior to this, most diesel engines used an injection pump that measured fuel and delivered it to each injector, often known as a Pump-Line-Nozzle system (PLN). The previous method involved a Mechanical Unit Injector (MUI) in which each cylinder had its own injector that was activated by a camshaft or rocker arm system. In a PLN system, plungers are activated by a cam in the pump, and in a MUI system, plungers are triggered by a cam on the injectors.
The engine oil pressure (FPO) from a High Pressure Oil Pump (HPOP) pressurized by the Powerstroke’s Hydraulic Electronic Unit Injector (HEUI) system was used to activate the plungers in the injectors, while how long they fired for, and at what pressure they injected the fuel were all controlled by the Powertrain Control Module (PCM).
We break the 7.3 down into 4 generations:
- The 1994.5-1997 F-Series trucks and E-Series vans, which employ a DPC-20x PCM, are the first to use this upgrade.
- Second, in 1997, the DPC-31x PCM was added to the California F-Series and Vans. From 1994 through 1997, ZF 5-Speed manual or E4OD automatic transmissions were used on everything from minivans to full size trucks.
- The third group is the Early-99 F-Series cars and Vans, both Federal/49-State and California Emissions, which employ a DPC-40x or 41x PCM. Everything preceding Early-99 came with a ZF 6-Speed manual gearbox or a 4R100 automatic.
- The fourth is between mid-1999 and early-2003, when the last 7.3 model was produced in the United States and used DPC-42x through DPC-49x PCM’s.
There was no such thing as a 1998 model year when Ford began producing trucks. Regardless of what the build date is, if it has the old (square) style body and an intercooler, it’s a 1997, regardless of whether it has the newer rounded-hood and fenders.
If the model year is after 12 June 1998, it’s a Late-99 or 2000 model.
What Are the Symptoms of a Bad IDM in a 7.3 Powerstroke?
The most common warning sign of a malfunctioning 7.3 IDM is stalling and the loss of power while in operation. There is, however, no end to the symptoms and indications list. Continue reading to get a full understanding of what’s going on.
How do you determine whether your 7.3 IDM is broken? Check out the symptoms described in this section to see if they apply to your situation. It may save you a lot of time and effort.
Many truck drivers had problems driving their vehicles. It suddenly stalls and restarts all of a sudden. You may believe that the CPS has become faulty. However, this may not be the case.
If you pull the error codes, you’ll get one that says there’s a problem with the IDM. The module might be damaged by corrosion or something else. Examining it is the most straightforward method to determine if anything is wrong with it.
Conducting a series of inspections to determine the source of your car’s problems is the most efficient method. One of the primary signs that your injector driver module isn’t working correctly is experiencing irregular cutoffs and sudden loss of power. If you don’t have access to the error codes, take your vehicle to a servicing facility.
The equipment can’t retrieve the code for a variety of reasons. In that scenario, request a manual inspection from your mechanic. In online forum conversations, some owners spoke about it. When the engine is operating at maximum speed, it stops and restarts.
So, it should come as no surprise that this is not something to be overlooked.
Some of you may not be experiencing any of the problems listed above. The engine will not shut off in the middle of nowhere. However, it can run rough for no apparent reason. You won’t find any other components causing trouble, which are generally to blame for bad running.
When performing a complete scan of the engine, p1316 is often one of the error codes displayed. One may be certain that an IDM is faulty. On the other hand, it’s conceivable that even though the problem code states clearly that the IDM is broken, it isn’t. You should also make sure you haven’t used too much oil.
No Starting at All
In other cases, an unhealthy IDM prevents the engine from operating. The function of this component is to transmit high-voltage signals for injectors.
Because of the apparent lack of spark on a standard vehicle, many people believe that the automobile’s battery is dead. Alternatively, failing to send this signal prevents gasoline from filling the cylinders required for ignition.
The truck owner had been hearing knocking and shaking on a regular basis. It occurred when the throttle was depressed. There were no indications of an engine light or DTCs, however. After an injector buzz test, the injectors revealed to be in good condition as well.
However, a cylinder contribution test revealed that several cylinders were not receiving enough gasoline. You may solve the problem and find out what’s wrong by swapping in another truck and going for a drive.
If you get an IDM error while running a complete computer scan, it might be because the system is contaminated with malware.
We’ve already covered one. You should check it over with your mechanic from time to time since he or she will be aware of which ones need attention.
Water damage can cause the Injector Driver Module or IDM to malfunction. Check for disconnected wires, dampness, or signs of water presence. So, deal with it as you see fit. If it doesn’t help, the whole module must be replaced.
What to Do When You Detect A Bad 7.3 IDM?
When you’ve confirmed that the IDM is the source of all your issues, it’s time to bring it to a mechanic. Because it’s a PCB board with some electrical components, it may be repaired.
You may easily replace a damaged module without much effort. The process is simple, and you can follow the instructions below for assistance.
- Locate the module in the hood. On the driver’s side fender, it should be fairly easy to spot.
- Remove the circuit board and all the screws.
- Now, if possible, repair the circuit. If not, replace the entire device with a new one.
Is it difficult to replace a 7.3 IDM? Is It Typically Expensive To Replace A 7.3 IDM?
Yes, the cost of replacing a faulty 7.3 Injector Driver Module is something to consider. The best price we could discover on Amazon was less than 350 dollars.
Replacement of the module is not difficult, and no special knowledge is required. As a result, you won’t have to include the cost of your mechanic’s labor in your budget.
Should You Check Your 7.3 IDM Every Day?
The sealed box lasts for years without major difficulties. Water entry, on the other hand, is a possibility. It’s not reasonable to inspect the module’s insides. So, if you experience one of the symptoms or indicators described above, service, repair, or replace it right away.
Also, double-check that the part is broken before purchasing a new one. It’s because those symptoms might be caused by other component failures as well.
We hope you have an excellent understanding of the 7.3 IDM indicators.Take advantage of the signals and symptoms to guide your actions. You’ll enjoy more comfortable travel.